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An exegesis on the trinity in 1st John 5:7-8

Posted by LoveGrams on February 21, 2015 at 5:20 PM


 

 

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“And These Three Are One”

A Case for the Authenticity of 1st John 5:7-8, Rooted in Biblical Exegesis

This exegesis is dedicated first and foremost to my Lord and Saviour Jesus, The Christ, Yeshua Hamashiach, who revealed Himself to me in His written word--perfectly preserved by God himself, (Psalm 12:7) Thou shalt keep them, O LORD, thou shalt preserve them from this generation for ever. Recognizing that, as Martin Luther once said, "The King James Holy Bible is like a lion; it does not need to be defended; just let it loose and it will defend itself," I hereby construct this defense out of genuine gratefulness for the infallible Word of God as contained in the Authorized King James Bible. Without a perfectly preserved Written Word, neither I, nor anyone would know anything of a personal relationship with the one true Living Word. Smile.

Secondly, it is dedicated to the many men, women, and children who gave their lives that I might have the The Word of God in English, a privilege which I do not take for granted. Thank-you for your sacrifice and may the Lord reward you richly in His kingdom.

 Last, but not least, I dedicate this exegesis to my former seminary professor, Fred Iglesia. No biblical scholar that I have had contact with has exhibited such humility and self-sacrificing devotion toward his students. He taught that there are only three main things in life regarding true religion as revealed in the Holy Scriptures. They are; Observation, Interpretation, and Application.

The whole world may observe what is written. Then, the whole world fights over the interpretation of what is written. Then he would pause and look down for a moment, and when he looked back up at us, with a tear in his eye, he said, and that is the greatest hindrance to getting around to applying what is written. Thank you eternally. I have the highest respect for you and I pray for you Professor Fred.

 

AND THESE THREE ARE ONE

I John 5:7-8, commonly referred to as the Johannine Comma, has been one of the most hotly debated passages with regard to its authenticity for over a century. Because it is one of those few passages included in the Textus Receptus which has a weak attestation from Greek manuscripts, many a student has paced his study for hours struggling with the question as to whether or not the Comma is a legitimate part of the Holy Scriptures.

The hasty dismissal of this passage in most modern versions of the Bible is largely due to the fact that it is only found in eight of the five hundred Greek manuscripts that witness to the fifth chapter of I John. Consequently, it is almost unanimously regarded among modern textual critics as a later scribal emendation. The primary English translation that contains the Johannine Comma is the Authorized King James Bible which is based upon the Greek Textus Receptus. The passage reads:

7For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.8And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.

All modern translations (NAS, NIV, RSV, NLT, LB et. al.), on the other hand, are corrupt and based upon the Latin Vulgate Alexandrian text-type found in the Catholic, Jehovah Witness bibles including the NIV (i.e. Sinaiticus and Vaticanus). These are the same versions commonly read as: “7For there are three that testify: 8the spirit, the water, and the blood; and the three are in agreement.”

There is only one common thread in all the modern versions that has been well documented over the years. They all attack the Deity of Jesus Christ. If there is no Trinity then Jesus was lying when he said, “And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one.

And John 16 when Jesus said I must go, nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin, because they believe not on me; Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more. Matthew 3:16, And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

John 10:30, I and my Father are one.

 It is written John 1:1, In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

 There are currently 233 different Jesus’s out there (English versions) on the market. They all have marketing campaigns to sell their bibles to increase their revenue, not heal and save people. Anyone can make up their own version of what they believe God should have said. The ESV & NASV, with the NKJV, & NIV, & the NWT(JW's), and all others, are not in any way, by Copyright Law even close to the original. The King James Holy Bible.

 Except for the AV1611, corrected spelling & brought up to date in 1769, which is the Bible we have today, all "new versions" are from two corrupt MSS, found in a trash can in a catholic monastery. This has been documented, some research on your part, will show that. The hype is "older MSS are better", "more accurate", "this verse should actually read as this new version", etc,etc. If folks want a "modern version" without buying one, take a marker and go through a KJAV1611 Bible, and mark out what you think is not needed.

As anyone can clearly see, there is a substantial omission and consequent mix-up of the text. The modern versions arrive at such a rendering by completely removing verse 7, as found in the AV; then, the phrase "in the earth" is excised and the first phrase of verse 8 (There are three that bear witness) becomes verse 7.Thus, the entire arrangement and sense of the passage is altered and is no longer the Word of God but the word of man.

Unfortunately, this altering of the text is often accepted without question. In fact, the issue is rarely, if ever, reasoned through in modern times. Accusations against the passage's authenticity are simply announced as though they were facts. Such conclusions imply that there is no evidence that can be mounted in favor of the Comma's genuineness. This, however, is far from the truth. The purpose of this study is to construct such a case. In doing so, I will apply ten exegetical tools to the text of I John 5:7-8, gearing them toward the issue of authenticity.

The Word of God tells us that Jesus isn’t ‘God’s human son’, rather, that Jesus, who is co-eternal with God (that means that like God, he existed forever) became human. Jesus was God - eternal and perfect - but he became human so that he could enter into our world and die for humans which paid the penalty for sin in full.

The Word of God shows this is something to marvel at: ... Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Philippians 2:6-11)

 The actual ‘mechanics’ of how God had a human son are not explained to us, but we are left in no doubt that Mary’s conception and pregnancy are miraculous - Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.

 Read chapter 1 of the gospel of Luke to see the angel tell Mary that she will conceive of the Holy Ghost. Removing the Trinity would remove the Virgin Birth, which, again, as always, is the attack on the deity of Jesus being the Christ, the anointed one, the prophesied messiah, the ONLY WAY to the Father. If they can get rid of the trinity, which is only found in the King James Holy Bible, then they can get people to believe that salvation only comes through the Catholic Church, as are the current teachings of the Catholic Church today.

It is written: John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. And, 1st Timothy 2:5, for there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.

 The gospel of John, which is written in very symbolic language at the beginning, speaks about ‘the word becoming flesh’. ‘The word’ is Jesus - who was with God in the beginning - and he became flesh - this is what ‘incarnate’ means - to be made flesh. This makes it clear that Jesus is the eternal God who became human.

Well, actually, when we say ‘God’ we could almost mean three people - God the Father, God the Son, or God the Holy Spirit. These three are called ‘the trinity’ and each one is called a ‘person’ of the trinity. It is quite hard to understand how these three work together. Some people find it easier to understand with an analogy - so, for example, God is like water - ice, water and steam are all water but they are all different. The analogy fails at various points but that might be a way to start to get your head around it. So a few things about the trinity that we should keep in mind: There is only one God - so even as we talk about the three persons of the trinity we are talking about one God. All three persons of the trinity are God. If you want to look at some verses, you could look at Deuteronomy 6:4, Galatians 1:1, John 1:1-18, and Matthew 28:19.

 There is relationship in the Trinity - the Son (Jesus) is obedient to the Father (Luke 22:42); the Holy Spirit is sent by the Father and the Son (John 16:15ff). So the three persons of the trinity are the same God, but they are each distinct. They have different roles, but each action any member of the trinity might do is God’s action, regardless of who did it.


The Triunity (Trinity) of God in the Old Testament

 God is One? “echad”

Does the Old Testament contradict the doctrine of the Trinity? Contrary to the claims of some, that desire to abolish the law and the deity of Jeshua, the Old Testament teaches both the oneness and plurality of God.

Jews say that the Shema (pronounced "Shmah"), "Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord" contradicts the Christian doctrine that Jesus is God. In addition the Shema, there are a number of other Old and New Testament verses that proclaim that God is one). However, the triunity of God is taught throughout the Old Testament, even in the Shema!

Oneness implies plurality

How can a statement of oneness imply plurality? In the Shema, the word translated "one" from the Hebrew is echad, which demonstrates compound unity of oneness. Specific examples of how echad demonstrates compound unity are found below:

Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one [echad] flesh. (Genesis 2:24)

And the whole earth was of one [echad] language, and of one [echad] speech. (Genesis 11:1)

And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one [echad], and they have all one [echad] language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. (Genesis 11:6)

 Then will we give our daughters unto you, and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one [echad] people. (Genesis 34:16)

 

And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one [echad] voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do. (Exodus 24:3)

And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one [echad] cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs. (Numbers 13:23)

 The whole congregation together [echad] was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore, (Ezra 2:64)

 And they shall be my people, and I will be their God: And I will give them one [echad] heart, and one [echad] way, that they may fear me for ever, for the good of them, and of their children after them: (Jeremiah 32:38-39)

Absolute oneness

These are a few of the many examples of how echad is used to show the unity of oneness. How would the Hebrew be different if God had wanted to express absolute oneness? There is another Hebrew word, yachid, which is used to express the idea of absolute oneness. Examples of it are shown below:

And he said, Take now thy son, thine only[yachid] son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. (Genesis 22:2)

And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only [yachid] son from me. (Genesis 22:12)

And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [yachid] son: (Genesis 22:16)

 

And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she was his only [yachid] child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter. (Judges 11:34)

 Turn thee unto me, and have mercy upon me; for I am desolate [yachid] and afflicted. (Psalm 25:16)

Lord, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling [yachid] from the lions. (Psalm 35:17)

 God setteth the solitary [yachid] in families: he bringeth out those which are bound with chains: but the rebellious dwell in a dry land. (Psalm 68:6)

 For I was my father’s son, tender and only [yachid] beloved in the sight of my mother. (Proverbs 4:3)

 

O daughter of my people, gird thee with sackcloth, and wallow thyself in ashes: make thee mourning, as for an only [yachid] son, most bitter lamentation: for the spoiler shall suddenly come upon us. (Jeremiah 6:26)

And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins, and baldness upon every head; and I will make it as the mourning of an only [yachid] son, and the end thereof as a bitter day. (Amos 8:10)

And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only [yachid] son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. (Zechariah 12:10)

Of course, the last verse is a famous messianic prophecy proclaiming how the Messiah would be killed (see Jesus Christ - Messiah of the Rabbinical Writers). If the Shema had intended to express absolute oneness, it would have used the Hebrew word yachid instead of echad. However, the word yachid is never used in reference to God (Elohim)!

Elohim—God's plurality

The Hebrew word translated "God" is the word El or Elohim. Elohim is the plural form of El. The plural form is used 2607 of the 2845 times the word "God" is used in the Old Testament. Not only is the word for God usually used in the plural form, but several verses refer to God as "Us":

And God said; Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. (Genesis 1:26)

 

And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever: (Genesis 3:22)

Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech. (Genesis 11:7)

 Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me. Isaiah 6:8

An example of how the Hebrew word Elohim is used in the plural is that it is translated "gods" (referring to idols) 235 times in the Old Testament. It is exactly the same word that is translated "God," referring to the Almighty. An example is given below:

I am the LORD thy God [Elohim], which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods [Elohim] before me. (Exodus 20:2-3)

God the Father

Not only is the plurality of God found in the Old Testament, but the members of the triunity are also defined. Several Old Testament verses tell us that God is our Father:

Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish people and unwise? is not he thy father that hath bought thee? hath he not made thee, and established thee? (Deuteronomy 32:6)

 He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. (Psalm 89:26)

 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6)

 Doubtless thou art our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, art our father, our redeemer; thy name is from everlasting. (Isaiah 63:16)

 But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand. Isaiah 64:8

Wilt thou not from this time cry unto me, My father, thou art the guide of my youth? (Jeremiah 3:4)

But I said, How shall I put thee among the children, and give thee a pleasant land, a goodly heritage of the hosts of nations? and I said, Thou shalt call me, My father; and shalt not turn away from me. (Jeremiah 3:19)

God the Son, the Word

The Son is also found in the Old Testament:

I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. (Psalm 2:7)

Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. (Psalm 2:12)

Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son’s name, if thou canst tell? (Proverbs 30:4)

 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed. (Daniel 7:13-14)

God the Holy Spirit

The third member of the triunity of God, The Holy Spirit, is also found extensively in the Old Testament:

Genesis 1:2 -1 Samuel 11:6 -Psalm 106:33 -Ezekiel 3:24 - Genesis 6:3 -1 Samuel 16:13 -Psalm 139:7 -Ezekiel 8:3 - Exodus 31:3

1 Samuel 16:14 -Psalm 143:10 -Ezekiel 11:1 - Exodus 35:31 -1 Samuel 19:20 -Isaiah 11:2 -Ezekiel 11:5 - Numbers 11:17 -1 Samuel 19:23

Isaiah 30:1 -Ezekiel 11:24 - Numbers 11:25 -2 Samuel 23:2 -Isaiah 32:15 -Ezekiel 36:27 - Numbers 11:26 -1 Kings 18:12 -Isaiah 34:16

Ezekiel 37:1 - Numbers 11:29 -1 Kings 22:24 -Isaiah 40:13 -Ezekiel 37:14 - Numbers 24:2 -2 Kings 2:16 -Isaiah 42:1 -Ezekiel 39:29

Numbers 27:18 -1 Chronicles 12:18 -Isaiah 44:3 -Ezekiel 43:5 - Judges 3:10 -2 Chronicles 15:1 -Isaiah 48:16 -Joel 2:28 - Judges 6:34

2 Chronicles 18:23 -Isaiah 59:21 -Joel 2:29 - Judges 11:29 -2 Chronicles 20:14 -Isaiah 61:1 -Micah 2:7 - Judges 13:25 -2 Chronicles 24:20

Isaiah 63:10 -Micah 3:8 - Judges 14:6 -Nehemiah 9:20 -Isaiah 63:11 -Haggai 2:5 - Judges 14:19 -Nehemiah 9:30 -Isaiah 63:14 -Zechariah 4:6

Judges 15:14 -Job 33:4 -Ezekiel 2:2 -Zechariah 7:12 - 1 Samuel 10:6 -Psalm 51:11 -Ezekiel 3:12 -Zechariah 12:10 - 1 Samuel 10:10

Psalm 104:30 -Ezekiel 3:14 -Malachi 2:15

 

Triunity of God in the Old Testament

Finally, there are a number of verses in the Old Testament in which the triunity of God is directly expressed:

Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son’s name, if thou canst tell? (Proverbs 30:4)

 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; (Isaiah 11:1-2)

 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. (Isaiah 42:1)

 Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hath sent me. (Isaiah 48:16)

 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; (Isaiah 61:1)

 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old. But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them. (Isaiah 63:9-10)

Conclusion

Some of the verses above include all members of the triunity (Isaiah 42:1, Isaiah 48:16, and Isaiah 61:1). Therefore, the Old Testament does reveal the Christian concept of the Godhead, with God being one God, consisting of three persons. How can God simultaneously exist as both singular and plural? It is a logical impossibility if God were restricted to the three dimensions of space and one dimension of time of our physical universe. However, the attributes of God, given by the Bible, provide a reasonable explanation of how this paradox can be resolved.

Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD: And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. Deuteronomy 6:4-5

 I will always believe and trust what God said in Psalm 12: 6-7, The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times. Thou shalt keep them, O LORD, thou shalt preserve them from this generation for ever.

Shalom                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Dan McGowen                                                                                                                                                                                                                       TRUTH or CONSEQUENCES                                                                                                                                                            All10commandments@gmail.com

 


Categories: An Exegesis on the Trinity

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